Epilepsy is the third most common neurological condition that affects older people after stroke and dementia.
Research shows that late-onset epilepsy has become more widespread in the last 2 decades. The number of people with the condition will probably continue to rise as the aging population increases, and epilepsy will likely become a significant public health concern.
Despite this, the underlying causes of epilepsy in 32–48% of cases remain unclear. Some research suggests that vascular risk factors may increase the risk of late-onset epilepsy. Other research indicates that vascular risk factors may be involved in epilepsy, beginning in a person’s 30s.
Understanding the role of vascular risk factors in late-onset epilepsy could help policymakers design public health measures and preventive strategies to curb and manage rates of the condition.